Friday, December 14, 2018
'Comparison Between Directed and Reported Speech\r'
' train linguistic process VS. report name and address There argon two slipway to promulgate what someone says or thinks; 1. Direct terminology shows a psycheÃ¢â¬â¢s exact words. Quotation mark (Ã¢â¬Å". . . Ã¢â¬Â) are a sign that the words are the similar words that a person used. For workout: capital of Wisconsin: What do you fate to eat for lunch? Jason: I think I leave alone induct hamburger. Direct speech: Maria asked, Ã¢â¬Å"What do you want to eat for lunch? Ã¢â¬Â Jason replied, Ã¢â¬Å"I think I entrust have hamburger. Ã¢â¬Â 2. account speech (Indirect speech) puts the speaker systemÃ¢â¬â¢s words or ideas into a judgment of conviction without quotation marks. Noun clauses are usually used.For example: Madison: What do you want to eat for lunch? Jason: I think I will have hamburger. Reported speech: Madison asked Jason What he wanted for lunch. Jason say that he was thinking of having hamburger for lunch. COMPASRISON BETWEEN sharpen AND INDIRECT SPEECH 1. 0 VERB TENSE IN account SPEECH DIRECT SPEECH| report SPEECH| simple save previous(prenominal) present perfect will can | simple past past perfectpast perfect wouldcould| Quotation Reported speech Ã¢â¬Å"I am hungry. Ã¢â¬Â She stated that she was hungry. Ã¢â¬Å"The exam will be next week. Ã¢â¬Â Dr. Jones express the exam will be next week 2. QUESTIONS IN REPORTED SPEECH a. Word company: The word order in a describe gesture is the same as in a statement. The subject comes sooner the verb. b. Punctuation: If the sentence is a statement, it end with a period (. ) even if it contains a reported question. c. To veer a yes/no question to a noun clause in reported speech, introduce the noun clause with if or whether. Whether or not may also be used. d. To change an information question to a noun clause in reported speech, begin the noun clause with the question word,DIRECT SPEECH| REPORTED SPEECH| * Question: are you ready? Statement: I am ready. * Ã¢â¬Å"Did you ci rcle off the coffee pot? Ã¢â¬Â * Ã¢â¬Å"Is supper ready? Ã¢â¬Â * Ã¢â¬Å"Where do they live? Ã¢â¬Â * Ã¢â¬Å"When did you call? Ã¢â¬Â | * She wanted to receipt if I was ready. * I asked Amy if she had turned off the coffee. * Eli wanted to know whether supper was ready. * Abdul wanted to know where they live. * Sharon asked me when I had called. | 3. 0 PRONOUNS Since the person who is reporting what someone verbalize is usually diametrical from the person who made the original statement, pronouns in reported speech often change.DIRECT SPEECH| REPORTED SPEECH| * Ã¢â¬Å"I am hungry. Ã¢â¬Â * Ã¢â¬Å"Where will you be? Ã¢â¬Â | * George said he was hungry. * Bill wanted to know where I would be. | 4. 0 PLACE AND TIME Changes in blot and time words depend on changes in the situation between direct and reported speech. DIRECT SPEECH| REPORTED SPEECH| * Ã¢â¬Å"I go inÃ¢â¬â¢t like this book. Ã¢â¬Â * Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll see you tomorrow. Ã¢â¬Â (spoken on Thursday) | * Jaime said he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t like that book. * Michiko said she would see me today. (spoken on Friday) Michiko said she would see me yesterday. (spoken on Saturday)| 5. 0 INFINITIVES . Infinitives (to + the simple form of the verb) may sometimes be used instead of noun clauses. b. Commands can be reported two ways: 1. a noun clause with a modal (usually should) 2. an infinitive c. Requests for action or authorization can be reported two ways: 1. a noun clause with if 2. an infinitive DIRECT SPEECH| REPORTED SPEECH| * Ã¢â¬Å"Call me when you necessitate home. Ã¢â¬Â * Action: Ã¢â¬Å" go out you hightail it the box for me? Ã¢â¬Â * Permission: Ã¢â¬Å"Can I make an appointment? Ã¢â¬Â | * -She said that we should call her when we get home. -She said to call her when we get home. -She asked me if I would carry the box for her. * -She asked me to carry the box for her. * -The student asked if he could make an appointment. -The student asked to make an appointment. | 6. 0 recommend AND S UGGEST The subjunctive, or base, form of the verb (no tense, without to) is used in reported speech when the main verb is recommend or suggest. DIRECT SPEECH| REPORTED SPEECH| * Ã¢â¬Å"You should number early. Ã¢â¬Â * Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t wait to apply. Ã¢â¬Â | * Jason recommended that we arrive early. * Anna recommended that I not wait to apply. |\r\n'